One of the most serious problems facing public health care in the 21st century is obesity among children. Why do overweight and obesity in children cause anxiety? The consequences of the unhealthy lifestyle during childhood can be very dangerous, it is, first and foremost, serious problems in adulthood.
Obesity in children is associated with an increased likelihood of premature death and disability in adulthood. Overweight and obese children are prone to obesity in adulthood, and they are more likely at a younger age to have non-communicable diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.
The risk of developing the majority of non-infectious diseases associated with obesity depends in part on the age at which obesity appears and on how long a person suffers from obesity. Children and adolescents with obesity suffer from both short-lived and long-term consequences for health.
Among the most significant effects of overweight and obesity on children’s health, which often become apparent only in adulthood, we can specify the following:
- cardiovascular diseases (mainly heart disease and stroke);
- musculoskeletal disorders, especially osteoarthritis;
- some types of cancer (cancer of the endometrium, breast and colon).
Overweight and obesity, as well as the related diseases, are largely preventable. Therefore, the prevention of obesity among children should be given a priority. The goal of fight the epidemic of obesity among children is the achievement of a proper energy metabolism, which can be maintained throughout life. To contain the epidemic there is a need for sustained political commitment and cooperation of numerous participants in the public and private sectors.
In many countries there is a rapid spread of obesity among infants and children under 5 years of age. In order to obtain, as far as possible, the best possible recommendations for resolving the childhood obesity crisis, the Director-General of the World Health Organization established the High-Level Commission on the Elimination of Childhood Obesity.
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