Giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is found only in the mountain forests of several western provinces of China (Sichuan, Gansu, Tibet). Earlier it also lived in the mountainous bamboo forests in Indochina and on the island of Kalimantan.
They are amazing, frequently taciturn animals that prefer silence. The Pandas are extremely specialized animals, with unique adaptations associated with eating bamboo. They live mostly alone, except during mating and upbringing the offspring. The Giant Pandas occupy 3.9-6.4 km2 in area (males have larger areas than females).
The Giant Panda is in the book of International Union for the Conservation of Nature and is one of the most rare and poorly studied large animals, aided by secretive lifestyle. In China, the Giant Panda is declared a national treasure. By the end of the 1980s poaching in relation to the Giant Panda was punishable by death, but the financial reward for selling their skins was so high that even the death penalty didn’t seem a deterrent.
It is considered to be one of the oldest animals in the world and is currently on the verge of extinction. Today, the Giant Panda has no natural enemies, such as tigers in the past. Now, the biggest threat to the survival of these animals is loss and degradation of its habitat.
About 15 years ago, many experts predicted the extinction of the Giant Pandas, as bamboo forests in western China were quickly cut down. Currently, due to the most optimistic estimates, slightly more than 1,500 animals remained in their natural conditions. Zoologists are very concerned about such a situation and take serious steps to prevent the extinction of pandas and increase the number of animals. This paper is aimed to discuss the requirements for a 100 hectare panda preserve – location, diet, mating and social behavior.