Abraham Lincoln – a statesman of the United States, the 16th US president, one of the founders of the Republican Party. During the American Civil War of 1861-1865 Lincoln’s government carried out a series of democratic reforms, in particular, adopted laws on Homestead Acts and abolishing slavery. He is considered to be a national American hero, including for the liberation of slaves.
Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809 in Hodgenville, Kentucky. He grew up in a farming family with meager incomes and, therefore, could not get a full education. Abraham went to school no more than a year, and joined the physical work from an early age, and worked for hire. Nevertheless, little Lincoln learned to read and write and was very fond of reading. It has become an assistant for him in hard self-education and a favorite pastime forever.
Since 1831 Lincoln settled in New Salem (Illinois), where he worked as a clerk in a store, a land surveyor, then joined the militia to confront the Indians, but did not participate in the battle. In 1833-36 he was the local postmaster, studied law and in 1836 was admitted for law practice.
Gradually, he has become one of the best lawyers in the state. Thanks to such qualities as a sharp mind, adherence to principles, honesty and a distinct gift of eloquence have contributed to his confident professional growth and strengthening of the authority.
The political biography of Lincoln has begun in the early 30s with an unsuccessful attempt to take a seat in House of Representatives of the state. However, in 1835 young Abraham Lincoln was elected to the Legislative Assembly of the State of Illinois, where he joined the Whig party. Up to 1842, he acted as Chairman of the Committee on Finance and one of the first persons in his party. The next step in his political career was the election in 1847 to the US Congress. Lincoln fought for the expansion of political and civil rights of the broad masses of the population, and for ensuring that women could get the right to vote. In 1860, Lincoln was elected as a President of the USA. He held the post of the Head of State from March 1861 to April 1865.
These are very brief facts of life of a such person as Abraham Lincoln, but his biography requires more detailed consideration.