The novel The Master and Margarita written by the Soviet author Mikhail Bulgakov is frequently exposed to criticism. If the works of Gogol and Dostoyevsky the Devil is the embodiment of evil, Bulgakov writes about the complex interweaving of good and evil in life. How do good and evil interact in the artistic world of Bulgakov? In his fictional world (and perhaps not fictional, since he ridiculed the real world during the Soviet government) people were evil, but not the Devil.
The Master and Margarita lived in a world filled with evil. In a world where bribers were blissfully happy, and the honest people had no opportunity to live a normal life. The important point of this work is that exactly Satan unites the characters, first temporarily and then eternally. There is no doubt that Woland made good in regard to the Master and Margarita. This mysterious foreigner has helped them to escape from the petty, vulgar, full of vanity and fear life, he has given the opportunity to implement their great love.
As for the other characters, the administrator of the Variety Ivan Savelievich Varenukha or the poet Ivan Bezdomny, Bulgakov binds their transformation into more thoughtful, courteous, good-natured people with the intervention of the evil forces. Bulgakov’s thought is probably in the following: the evil in the form of fright, threat, fear of punishment can change some people’s lives, overcome their ignoble propensities. Bulgakov thinks that there are people who must be afraid, who need fear to remain a human or to become a normal person.
Bulgakov depicts people for the most part as weak, worthless, selfish, incapable of good. It is no coincidence that almost all good, perpetrated on the pages of the novel was committed by Woland – the evil force, but not Yeshua. Yeshua himself, who sees the good in all people, without exception, in fact does not make visible good deeds. Apparently the idea is affected by the reign of the atheistic Soviet Union. Apparently, Bulgakov’s understanding of man does not imply the compliance with the evangelical ideal of our terrestrial, sinful life. In general, of course, it is a philosophical theme of the novel – the struggle between good and evil, humans and supernatural forces, and it requires a more serious consideration.