Overpopulation is the surplus of the population in relation to the means of subsistence or to the demand for labor. That is, if not the entire population of the planet is in demand at work, and not all people are provided with resources for subsistence, then it is called that the planet is overpopulated with people. It is this state of things that is observed on Earth.

Our planet can’t withstand such loads. Natural resources do not have time to recover. A large number of people on the Earth contribute to the rapid destruction of nature. Entire species of animals and plants die out, water bodies, air and land are polluted, glaciers melt.

According to the forecast of the French National Institute for Demographic Studies (INED), in 2050 the world population will be 9 billion 701 million people. And this is actually a disaster. Even now people barely have enough natural resources. Every year, gasoline, water and food are getting more expensive.

The reasons for overpopulation are different, but rather obvious.

Warm climate gives an opportunity for a large number of people to live all year round in unfit for living conditions. On the map of population density, we can see that the overpopulated countries, for the most part, are located close to the equator, that is, where it’s warm.

Low level of education does not allow people to really understand the needs and opportunities, as well as to conduct family planning.

Cultural and religious traditions of some countries prohibit the use of contraception and making abortion. Also, many of them infringe the rights of women, as a result of which they sit at home, do the housework and give birth to children.

Poverty and misery, strangely enough, also contribute to the growth of population. It happens due to the psychology of people. For example, if a poor family is unable to cure a sick relative and he dies, the family members experience stress and, with the help of a newborn child, they try to make up for the loss. The same applies to the countries where there are often different wars.

Consequences of overpopulation: shortage of fresh water, lack of food, rise in price of plant foods, the problem of energy and fuel resources, environmental pollution, excess of labor.

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